How to Identify Child Abuse

How to Identify Child Abuse

Child Abuse is becoming ramped in our time with an increase in child molestation and sexual defilement. it’s important for care givers to be able to indentify potential abuse, to better help manage and prevent such occurances.

What is Child Abuse?

Any intentional harm or mistreatment to a child under 18 years old is considered child abuse. Child abuse takes many forms, which often occur at the same time.

what are the forms of child Abuse?

  • Physical abuse.

Physical child abuse occurs when a child is purposely physically injured or put at risk of harm by another person.

  • Sexual abuse.

Sexual child abuse is any sexual activity with a child, such as fondling, oral-genital contact, intercourse, exploitation or exposure to child pornography.

  • Emotional abuse.

Emotional child abuse means injuring a child’s self-esteem or emotional well-being. It includes verbal and emotional assault — such as continually belittling or berating a child — as well as isolating, ignoring or rejecting a child.

  • Medical abuse.

Medical child abuse occurs when someone gives false information about illness in a child that requires medical attention, putting the child at risk of injury and unnecessary medical care.

  • Neglect.

Child neglect is failure to provide adequate food, shelter, affection, supervision, education, or dental or medical care.

A word of caution!!!

” In many cases, child abuse is done by someone the child knows and trusts — often a parent or other relative. If you suspect child abuse, report the abuse to the proper authorities.”

What are Identifiable symptoms of Child Abuse?

Kindly note that a child who’s being abused may or will feel guilty, ashamed or confused. He or she may be afraid to tell anyone about the abuse, especially if the abuser is a parent, other relative or family friend

Some symptoms include;

  1. Withdrawal from friends or usual activities
  2. Changes in behavior — such as aggression, anger, hostility or hyperactivity — or changes in school performance
  3. Depression, anxiety or unusual fears, or a sudden loss of self-confidence
  4. An apparent lack of supervision
  5. Frequent absences from school
  6. Reluctance to leave school activities, as if he or she doesn’t want to go home
  7. Attempts at running away
  8. Rebellious or defiant behavior
  9. Self-harm or attempts at suicide

Here are Some More Specfic Signs

Physical abuse signs

  • Unexplained injuries, such as bruises, fractures or burns
  • Injuries that don’t match the given explanation


Sexual abuse signs

  • Sexual behavior or knowledge that’s inappropriate for the child’s age
  • Pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection
  • Blood in the child’s underwear
  • Statements that he or she was sexually abused
  • Inappropriate sexual contact with other children


Emotional abuse signs

  • Delayed or inappropriate emotional development
  • Loss of self-confidence or self-esteem
  • Social withdrawal or a loss of interest or enthusiasm
  • Depression
  • Avoidance of certain situations, such as refusing to go to school or ride the bus
  • Desperately seeks affection
  • A decrease in school performance or loss of interest in school
  • Loss of previously acquired developmental skills


Neglect signs and symptoms

  • Poor growth or weight gain or being overweight
  • Poor hygiene
  • Lack of clothing or supplies to meet physical needs
  • Taking food or money without permission
  • Hiding food for later
  • Poor record of school attendance
  • Lack of appropriate attention for medical, dental or psychological problems or lack of necessary follow-up care

If you notice your child is experiencing any of this signs and symptoms kindly reach out to us let’s help you.

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